Antitussive , for symptoms of bronchitis, whooping cough and catarrhs of the upper respiratory tract
Children up to six years of age: One teaspoonful 3 times a day. Older children: Two teaspoonfuls, 3 times a day.
Side effects : There has been no report of side effects so far. Contraindications : None known Special warnings and precaution : None required
Each 5 ml contains : Fluid extract of thymus vulgaris 750 mg
Side effects : There has been no report of side effects so far.
Contraindications : None known
Special warnings and precaution : None required
Antitussive, expectorant and antispasmodic actions are considered to be the major pharmacological properties of thyme (1) and have been associated with the volatile oils ( e.g.thymol. carvacrol ) and flavonoid constituents(2). The volatile oil in the herb most likely exerts spasmolytic effects on bronchial tissues in humans( 3 ).The herb and /or its extract is approved by commission E for the treatment of bronchitis , whooping cough and upper respiratory inflammation .In a double – blind , randomized study , 60 patients with productive cough received either syrup of thyme or bromhexine for a period of 5 days. There was no significant difference between the two groups based on self – reported symptom relief . Both groups made similar gains (4).Extracts of thyme demonstrate in vitro antiinflammatory effects on guinea pig tracheal smooth muscle tissue in vitro (5).The antibacterial and antifungal activity of thymol is well recognized. Thymol , carvacrol , cinnamaldehyde and eugenol showed inhibitory activity on seven oral bacteria ( 6). A broad spectrum of activity was observed for thymol and carvacrol against bacteria involved in upper respiratory tract infections (7
1. Van den Broucke Co. 1983. The therapeutic value of thymus species. Fitoterapia ; 4:171 – 4.
2. ewal , C.A. , et al 1966. A Guide for health – care professionals ; London : The pharmaceutical press.
3. yler, V.E. 1994, Herbs of choice : the therapeutic use of phytomedicinals. New York, pharmaceutical products press.
4. Leung, A.Y. and S. Foster 1996.
Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in Food, Drugs and Cosmetics , 2 nd ed. New York: John wiley , Sons . Inc.
5. nols G. stal Pc ,Van Ree J.W. Huisart Wetens 1994 ; 37 (9) : 392.
6. Shapiro S, Guggenheim B. Oral microbiol. Immunol. 1994, 10(4) : 241 –
7. Martindale ; The complete drug reference . 34, ed . (2005) , P.1755.